Open Enterprise News

Open the new about your Business

Enter text paragraph here

Member Login

Lost your password?
Enter 468x60 Ad Code Here

President Obama Brings End to Long Iraq War, US Troops to be Home for the Holidays

Enter 468x60 Ad Code Here

America’s long and deeply unpopular war in Iraq will be over by year’s end and all U.S. troops “will definitely be home for the holidays,” President Barack Obama declared Friday.

Stretching more than eight years, the war cost the United States heavily: More than 4,400 members of the military have been killed, and more than 32,000 have been wounded.

The final exit date was sealed after months of intensive talks between Washington and Baghdad failed to reach agreement on conditions for leaving several thousand U.S. troops in Iraq as a training force. The U.S. also had been interested in keeping a small force to help the Iraqis deal with possible Iranian meddling.

The task now is to speed the pullout of the remaining U.S. forces, nearly 40,000 in number.
Staying behind in Iraq, where bombings and other violence still occur, will be some 150-200 U.S. military troops as part of embassy security, the defense attache’s office and the office of security cooperation. That’s common practice but still a danger to American forces.

Obama, an opponent of the war since before he took office, nevertheless praised the efforts of U.S. troops in Iraq. He said American soldiers would leave “with their heads held high, proud of their success.”

For Obama, Friday’s announcement capped a remarkable two days of national security successes, though there’s no indication how much they will matter to re-election voters more concerned with economic woes at home.

On Thursday, the president heralded the death of Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi and a day later the end to one of the most divisive conflicts in U.S. history.

The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have cost the U.S. more than $1.3 trillion.

Obama did not declare victory.

He did speak, though, about the string of wins on his watch – none bigger than the killing of Osama bin Laden, the al-Qaida leader behind the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. The Afghanistan war still rages, but there, too, Obama has moved to end the combat mission by the end of 2014.

This was, in essence, the third time Obama had pronounced an end to the war, allowing him to remind the nation he had opposed it all along – a stance that helped his White House bid in 2008.

Shortly after taking office, Obama declared in February 2009 that the combat mission in Iraq would end by Aug. 31, 2010. And when that milestone arrived, he said it was “time to turn the page” on Iraq and put the focus back on building up the United States. On Friday, he said: “After nearly nine years, America’s war in Iraq will be over.”

The U.S.-led invasion of Iraq was launched in March of 2003 after reports, later discredited, that the country was developing weapons of mass destruction. By early April, American Marines were helping Iraqis pull down a statue of Saddam Hussein in Baghdad. Saddam was captured in December of that year and executed in 2006, but the war dragged on.

The ending was set in motion before Obama took office. In 2008, President George W. Bush approved a deal calling for all U.S. forces to withdraw by Dec. 31, 2011.

At issue was whether that deal would be renegotiated to keep thousands of U.S. forces in Iraq. The Obama administration and Iraqi government spent months debating whether the United States would keep troops to maintain a training force, to provide added stability in a country where spectacular attacks still occur, and to serve as a hedge against Iran.

Throughout the talks, Iraqi leaders refused to give U.S. troops immunity from prosecution in Iraqi courts, and the Americans refused to stay without that guarantee.

Obama never mentioned that issue on Friday.

He said that after speaking with Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, both were in agreement on how to move forward. Obama said the two nations will now deal with each other in the normal fashion of sovereign countries and will keep open the idea of how the United States might help train and equip Iraqi forces.

“Over the next two months, our troops in Iraq, tens of thousands of them, will pack up their gear and board convoys for the journey home,” Obama said. “The last American soldier will cross the border out of Iraq with their heads held high, proud of their success, and knowing the American people stand united in our support for our troops.”

The Associated Press first reported last week that the United States would not keep troops in Iraq past the year-end withdrawal deadline, except for some soldiers attached to the U.S. Embassy.

“Both countries achieved their goals,” said Iraqi government spokesman, Ali al-Moussawi. “Iraq wanted full sovereignty while the United States wanted its soldiers back home, and both goals are achieved.”

In addition to remaining military forces, Denis McDonough, White House deputy national security adviser, said the U.S. will have 4,000 to 5,000 contractors to provide security for American diplomats.

Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said the United States will now “turn our full attention to pursuing a long-term strategic partnership with Iraq based on mutual interests and mutual respect.” He said the goal is to establish a relationship with Iraq similar to other countries in the region.

“Iraq is a sovereign nation that must determine how to secure its own future,” Panetta said.

Obama’s announcement was applauded by congressional Democrats, including Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, who called it “the right decision at the right time.”

Republicans were more skeptical. Many praised the gains made in Iraq and gave Obama at least partial credit but expressed concern that getting troops out would bring that progress into question.

Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., said he feared that “all we have worked for, fought for and sacrificed for is very much in jeopardy by today’s announcement. I hope I am wrong and the president is right, but I fear this decision has set in motion events that will come back to haunt our country.”

GOP presidential hopeful Mitt Romney accused Obama of an “astonishing failure” to secure an orderly transition in Iraq, and said, “The unavoidable question is whether this decision is the result of a naked political calculation or simply sheer ineptitude in negotiations with the Iraqi government.”

The U.S. said repeatedly this year it would entertain an offer from the Iraqis to have a small force stay behind, and the Iraqis said they would like American military help. But as the year wore on and the number of American troops that Washington was suggesting could stay behind dropped, it became increasingly clear that a U.S. troop presence was not a sure thing.

The issue of legal protection for the Americans was the deal-breaker.

But administration officials said they feel confident that Iraqi security forces are well prepared to take the lead in their country.

McDonough said that one assessment after another of the preparedness of Iraqi forces concluded that “these guys are ready; these guys are capable; these guys are proven; importantly, they’re proven because they’ve been tested in a lot of the kinds of threats that they’re going to see going forward.”

The president used the war statement to once again turn attention back to the economy, the domestic concern that is expected to determine whether he wins re-election.

Tags:

Related posts

Comments are closed.

Recent Posts

Apple Hints New Products Near With Bigger IPhones Looming

Apple Inc. (AAPL) signaled that the long wait for new products is nearing an end.With bigger-screen handsets in development, Apple said ...

10 Things You Didn’t Know You Agreed to via Terms of Service

The terms of service, also known as the document you're supposed to read before signing up for a site or ...

13 Thrifty Ways to Update Your Bathroom

Nobody likes a house with an outdated bathroom. Of course, you can use a blue toilet and bathe in a ...

The 9 Sacrifices You Must Make To Find An Affordable Home

Despite the bad rap homeownership – and particularly home affordability – has gotten in the last few years, it’s still part of ...

Hidden Biases and How to Combat Them

In the world of recruiting, hiring managers are constantly careful in ensuring that candidates are hired without any form of ...

Here Are the Other Companies Comcast Is Gobbling Up

Recent tech acquisitions put the cable giant in a position to dominate the digital video market and expand its broadband ...

7 Things About Landing Pages Your Boss Wants To Know

I was working with a startup company a few years ago, when they wanted to test advertising with Google Adwords. ...

A Beginner’s Guide to Navigating Office Politics

Executives often complain to me about the new generation of employees — they aren't as committed, sophisticated or knowledgeable as ...
We will keep You Updated...
Sign up to receive breaking news
as well as receive other site updates!
Featured Video
Enter 300x250 Ad Code Here
Popular Posts

New York area hospitals and physicians using Remote Access Software to help manage their patients

Area hospitals in New York are using Remote Access Software to manage their patient flow.

Immigrants See Open Doors to America through EB-5 Investor Visa Program

Increasing numbers of foreigners are entering the United States by obtaining the EB-5 gree

Remote Access and Security: an Issue to Reckon With

How many times have you been to a client's office to make a presentation and forgot to inc

How the iPad has Made Remote Desktop Software Even Better

Remote Desktop Software, also known as Remote Control Software or Remote Access Software,

What You Should Know About the EB-5 Investor Visa Process

This article will address important aspects of the EB-5 Investor Visa Program that you sho

What is the difference between SEO and SEM

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) and Search Engine Marketing (SEM) represent two of the mo

Can Oracle be trusted with Java

With Sun gone, will Oracle wreck Java, or set it free? For years Sun dominated the Java wo

Don't Abridge Your Patients' Stories

The medical community is currently facing many simultaneous changes to the way it has func

Fully Charged - AT&T's new Solar-Powered Charging Stations to increase user connectivity

How many times have you been faced with the dilemma of choosing between using data connect

Microsoft Shares Secrets to Help Disabled Access Technology

Microsoft has opened up its usability specifications, the User Interface Automation (UIA),

Advanced Messaging & Routing with AMQP

Not all message queues are made equal. In the simplest case, a message queue is synonymous

Supreme Court may broach thorny issue for tech industry

SAN FRANCISCO (MarketWatch) -- Technology firms will turn their attention Monday to the U.

Breaking Down Barriers in Mixed Environments

It goes without saying that while the cloud is coming on strong as the next major

Virtual Iron Offers Once And Done Virtual Server Environment

Multi-system virtual server and management environments can be quite complex to install.

Private Clouds Are A Fix, Not The Future

Over the last few months, there's been growing discussion over private and hybrid clouds.